History of the water pump

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A water pump is a pump that brings water to the surface, mechanically or by moving a crank back and forth by hand. A manually operated pump is also called a crank pump. In the past, groundwater (also known as water), or rainwater for consumption or other purposes, was usually scooped out of a well or cistern with the help of an tool. Surface water was also frequently used.

In the course of the seventeenth century, the first ever water pumps came into contact with floods that plunged shallow groundwater. They initially appeared primarily in urban areas where surface water was not available or where the surface water was heavily contaminated with diseases. They were used as a city pump or village pump for common use and a meeting place for residents. Additionally, the laundry was done with these types of pumps. Sometimes they were beautifully decorated with a graceful natural stone housing. Many of these kinds of pumps were built in the eighteenth century. Breweries sometimes also had their own pump. The pump sometimes knew a reasonable water quality but it was often difficult to get to the pump.

During the nineteenth century the cast iron pump became popular. This was delivered in series by numerous iron foundries. For example, from the year 1840 and onwards, the iron foundry called the Prince of Orange which was located in The Hague produced the so called Village water pump number one (this was a kind of cast-iron variant on the hard stone housing) and from 1870 the same kind of water pump but now called number sixteen in series. Cast iron pumps, intended for private individuals such as farmers, were popular as well. Many farms, as well as houses, have since then had a hand pump with which water was pumped up.

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